(SCORE Goes Public 3)
SCORE CIMSA FK YARSI
Recently, the world is currently impacted by COVID-19. On March 2nd, 2020, President Joko Widodo officially announced that there were citizens who have contracted SARS-CoV-2. Since the announcement, the President has subsequently issued an appeal to reduce human interaction outside the house, and switching us to work, study, and pray from home. To prevent the development and spreading of COVID-19, the rector of YARSI University also took a policy to divert all forms of learning that were previously face-to-face to be done remotely by using online classes.
By using online classes, medical students of YARSI University spends more of their time sitting in front of their computer, laptop, or other devices causing less time for them to do any physical activity. What we mean by the physical activity here is every bodily movement that increases energy expenditure or calorie burning (Kemenkes RI, 2015).
Low physical activity is an independent risk factor for chronic disease and is estimated to cause death globally (WHO, 2010). Besides, low physical activity plays an important role in the development of obesity (de Sousa, 2008). According to the Dorland medical pocket dictionary (2014), the definition of obesity is an increase in body weight beyond the limits of physical and skeletal needs, due to excessive accumulation of body fat. Obesity can be measured based on a person's Body Mass Index (BMI). Body Mass Index (BMI) is a simple tool or way to monitor a person's nutritional status, especially those related to underweight and overweight (Supariasa, 2013).
Based on this background, SCORE CIMSA FK YARSI took the initiative to carry out SCORE Goes Public level 3 by making a study on the effect of physical activity during the COVID-19 pandemic on the Body Mass Index of active members of SCORE CIMSA FK YARSI. We titled it ‘BTS: BMI To Student Activities’. The purpose of this research is to increase public’s knowledge about the effect of physical activity on a person's Body Mass Index and to provide opportunities for SCORE CIMSA FK YARSI members to train their skills and increase their knowledge.
We conducted this study for 27 days, from July 19th, 2020 - August 15th, 2020. Given the pandemic, research was done from the respective committee houses by using the Google Meet platform and google forms.
On July 19, 2020, the committee distributed pre-assessment questionnaires to respondents via personal chat. This questionnaire was then used to assist the committee in formulating questions for this study. Using the Slovin formula, we also managed to determine the minimum sample size of the population in this study. Then, on August 4th, 2020, the questionnaires began to be distributed.
Three days later, on August 7th, 2020, the committee began processing the questionnaire data. On the first day, the committee arranged all respondents' answers into tables. Then on the second day, we started inserting the data from the table into the SPSS application, where we processed the data using the Shapiro Wilk test method. We use this to determine the normality test with a small sample size.
On the third day, we were able to conclude the results and made some charts. Lastly, on the fourth and fifth days, we made the graphic design that later will be used for publication on August 15th, 2020, via Instagram and CIMSA FK YARSI’s Line Official Account.
Based on the data obtained from the results of our study, the group with moderate and high activity intensity burned a higher number of calories than the group with light activity intensity. Therefore it can also be concluded that the group with high and moderate activity intensity has a BMI score that falls into the normal category. In contrast, the group with light activity intensity has a BMI score that was categorized as fat. Our advice as researchers is that doing physical activity such as exercising at least 150 minutes per week, is a must to normalize a person's BMI score.
Overall, besides this study, it could train SCORE members to think critically and build a sense of concern about current issues. The results of this study can also increase people's interest in staying physically active even at home.