BASILISK 3rd Intervention
(Basic Life Support Knowledge)
SCOME CIMSA-BEM KM FK Unand
On September 9th, 2021, SCOME CIMSA-BEM KM FK Unand held a virtual practical exam regardinh "Basic Life Support, Trauma Treatment, and Indications and Management of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)," which is the final intervention for the BASILISK Community Development. In this section, the cadres will be tested based on the views shared in previous interventions by several examiners from PTBMMKI using ZOOM meeting platform. Each cadre will be tested with one examiner.
Currently, about 9 in 10 people who have a cardiac arrest outside the hospital die, and about 350,000 cardiac arrests happen outside of hospitals each year—and about 7 in 10 of those happen at home. Unfortunately, about half of the people who experience cardiac arrests at home don’t get the help they need from bystanders before an ambulance arrives.
Basic cardiac life support aims to restore the circulation of oxygenated blood before professional help arrives. It comprises the basic skills of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and combines closed-chest compression with artificial ventilation of the lungs. During cardiac arrest, the heart cannot pump blood to the rest of the body. Death can happen in minutes without treatment. CPR uses chest compressions to mimic how the heart pumps. If performed in the first few minutes of cardiac arrest, CPR can double or triple a person’s chance of survival.
Meanwhile, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), road traffic injuries accounted for 1.25 million deaths in 2014, and trauma is expected to rise to the third leading cause of disability worldwide by 2030. Patients with serious traumatic injuries have a significantly lower likelihood of mortality or morbidity when treated at a designated trauma center.
Splinting plays a major role in managing musculoskeletal injuries, including treating overuse and soft tissue injuries (e.g., tendonitis and sprains), and traumatic injuries like extremity fractures and joint dislocations. However, preliminary evidence suggests that many splints are misapplied with the potential for causing unnecessary injury.
Carefully examine the injured extremity before placing the splint. Evaluate pulses, motor function, and sensory function to determine whether emergency intervention or evaluation by a specialist is necessary. Treat skin or soft-tissue injuries appropriately before placing a splint. Routine care after applying a splint should include extremity elevation, application of ice packs, administration of medications for pain or itching, and appropriate communication of instructions for medical follow-up.